Prayer of the Traveller
284 - A traveller should reduce the 4 Rak-at
(Zuhr, Asr and Isha prayers), that is , he/she should perform two Rak-ats instead of
four, this condition requires that, his/her journey is not less than 8 farsakh. (A farsakh in
the shariah or the rule of Islam is equal approximately to 45 kilometers.)
285 - If the traveller starts his/her journey from his/her town where the prayer is complete, and he/she then travels a mininum 4 farsakh and returns 4 farsakh of the journey, he/she should shorten the prayers.
286 - Someone who goes on a trip must break their prayer at the time when that person can no longer hear the Azan of that city, see its wall or is not able to distinguish the buildings, before this, if one wants to perform obligatory prayers that person must make the full prayer.
287 - If two roads lead to a place, and one of them is less than 8 farsakh away, and the other 8 farsakh or more, the traveller will offer shortend prayers if he/she travels by the roadwhich is 8 farsakh away, and complete prayersif he/she travels by the road which is less than8 farsakh away. For example if he/she goes tothe farm from his/her home where he/she can take one of two roads one of them being 4 farsakh, and the other is 3 farsakh, if he/she goes from there first road and returns from this one his/her prayers on the road and in that village is shortened, however if he/she goes from the first road and returns from the second road or vice versa because the total of the outward and return journey is less than 8 farsakh, the prayers on the roads and that village is complete.
288 - In the following cases one should offer
complete prayers an journey:
b- The traveller should not intend at the time of the commencement of the journey, to cover a distance of 8 farsakh. For example a person tries to find something which is lost.
c- The traveller changes his/her mind while on his/her way before going 4 farsakh.
e- The purpose of traveling is harraam. Such as when travelling involves harm for his/her father and mother.
289 - In these places prayers are complete.
* In one's home town.
* In a place where one inteds to stay for 10 days.
* In a place where a person has stayed with doubt this means it is not clear that if he/she will stay or not. If there is a doubt for 30 days and she/he still has not left from there, in this case a person should perform full prayers.
Where is One's Home Town?
290 - A place which a parson adopts for
his/her permanent residence is his/her home, irrespective of whether one was born
there, whether it was the home of his/her parents or whether one has selected it as
291 - Until a child lives with their parents and has not become independent their home is the same as that of his/her parents if he/she is living with them, even if that person was not born there. After having become independent in life, if that person chooses another place for a permanent residence that place becomes his/her permanent residence. So, if a person is not born in the hometown of his/her parents but he/she lives there with them that is their home town. But if he/she does not live there with them it does not become the home town of the child although it is the home town of the parents.
292 - Until a person does not have intention of permanently residing in a place other than his/her own hometown it is not considered that person's hometown.
293 - If a person intends to stay sometime in a place which is not their hometown and then move to another place, that place is not considered his/her hometown, such as a student who stays in a city in order to continue his/her education.
294 - If a person without intention of staying permanently and without intention of leaving stays in a place so long that people consider it as his/her hometown that place is considered as that person's hometown.
295 - If a person goes to a place which used to be his/her hometown but has decided not to return their for permanent residence he/she must not make full prayers there even if he/she has not chosen another hometown.
296 - A traveler returning to their hometown when they arrive at the place where the buildings of the city can be distinguished, the city walls can be seen or the Azan can be heard must make complete prayers.
Intention for ten days
297 - A person who has made intention to stay in a place for ten days if he/she stays there longer than ten days until that person has not departed for a journey he/she must perform the complete prayers and it is not necessary to make another intention to stay for ten days.
298 - If a person changes their mind about
intending to stay in a place for ten days:
b) Changes his/her mind after praying a 4Rak-at prayer, up until the time when one is in that place, complete prayers must be performed.