A Brief Account of the Life and Works
Muhammad Fazel Lankarani
1. His Birth
Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Fazel Lankarani
was born in 1931 in the Holy city of Qum. His father, the late Ayatullah
Fazel Lankarani was a great teacher and scholar in the Islamic Seminary of Qum.
His dear mother, was a pure and noble woman of Sayed descent.
At the age of 13,
after the completion of primary school, he began studying Islamic studies in the
seminary of Qum, where due to his great ability and aptitude, he was able to
finish the preliminary stages of Islamic studies within six years.
At the age of 19,
he started attending lessons in Fiqh (Jurisprudence) and Usul (Principles of
Jurisprudence) at the Kharij level (the highest level of Islamic studies), which
were being taught by Ayatullah al-Uzma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Muhammad Hussein
Burujerdi, May Allah raise his status. Because of his young age and his ability
to pick up information very quickly, his fellow students and his teachers
quickly recognized him. One of his close friends and study partners, during his
quest for knowledge, was none other than the beloved son of the founder of the
Islamic Republic of Iran, the late Shaheed Mustafa Khumayni,May he be showered
in Allah's peace.
Lankarani benefited from Ayatullah al-Uzma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Muhammad Hussein
Burujerdi's lectures in the subjects of Fiqh and Usul for almost 11 years. He
also participated in the classes of the late Ayatullah al-Uzma al-Hajj as-Sayyid
Ruhullah al-Musawi al-Khumayni for 9 years. Under these two great teachers, he
was able to benefit a great deal, and quickly excelled in his studies.
He also took part
in the lectures on philosophy and Tafsir (Explanation) of the Holy Qur'an under
the great scholar, 'Allamah as-Sayyid Muhammad Hussayn al-Tabataba'I, May Allah
raise his rank, in which he gained much knowledge and enlightenment.
Because of his
perseverance and endeavors, he was able to reach to the great stage of Ijithad
at the early age of 25, something that his eminent teacher, the late Ayatullah
al-Uzma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Muhammad Hussein Burujerdi gave to him in writing.
For many years,
he was busy teaching the intermediate level of studies in the Islamic Seminary
of Qum to a great number of students. In addition to this, for the past 25
years, he has been teaching lessons of Kharij in the areas of Fiqh and Usul (Kharij
is the highest level of Islamic studies after which, if completed in their
entirety, elevate the person to a Mujtahid). His lessons are so popular that in
any one lesson, over 700 scholars and personalities of the Hawza 'Ilmiyyah of
Qum can be seen taking part! In addition to this, for the past few years, his
lessons on Fiqh have been broadcast by Iranian Radio, thus, those living within
the Islamic Republic, and even those in foreign countries have benefited from
his vast amount of knowledge.
His Struggles against the Despotic Regime of the
beginning of the political and social struggle and defiance of Ayatullah
Khomeini against the oppression, corruption and tyrannical government of the
Pahlavi dynasty in Iran, Ayatullah Fazel Lankarani was one of the helpers and
supporters of Ayatullah Khomeini. Step by step in every movement that the
defenders of Islam took, Ayatullah Lankarani was there and played an active
role. One of his important moves was to be involved with the Jami'ah Mudarasin,
a group that consists of the teachers in the Hawza 'Ilmiyyah of Qum in which
they were busy spreading the word of Islam and the Islamic Revolution among the
masses. More than this, it was they who announced the Marja'iyat and Leadership
of Ayatullah Khomeini...Many times during this difficult period, Ayatullah Fazel
Lankarani was jailed, and finally, as if the Shah could no longer take the 'Ulama
and their standing up for the truth, he was forced to exile him to an area known
as Bandar Lange. After staying there for 4 months, we was moved to the city of
Yazd, where he was forced to reside for a period of 18 months.
After the victory
of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, Ayatullah Fazel Lankarani continued to play
an important role along side the leader, Ayatullah Khomeini, May his spirit be
sanctified, and even today, under the leadership of Ayatullah Khameni'i, he is
still fully supportive and active.
After the Islamic
Revolution in Iran, Ayatullah Lankarani was appointed as a member of The Council
of Experts, and for more than 10 years, served as the administrator of the
Islamic Seminary of Qum.
His Love for the Ahl al-Bait, Peace be upon all of
From the earliest
of times, himself and his family have been lovers and followers of the Ahl
al-Bait, Peace be upon all of them, and as has been noted, weekly gatherings to
commemorate the martyrdom of Abu 'Abdillah al-Husayn, Peace be upon him, and his
loyal family and followers, gatherings to commemorate the martyrdom of the
Ma'sumin, Peace be upon all of them, and programs to celebrate the birth
anniversaries of the Leaders of Islam, Peace be upon all of them, were held by
his late father, and even today, continue to be held.
Salat al-Jama'at in Qum
After the passing
away of Ayatullah al-Uzma al-Sayyid Shahab ad-Din Najafi al-Mar'ashi, he was
inundated with requests from the students of the Hawza 'Ilmiyyah of Qum, as well
as from the people of Qum, not to mention from those in charge to oversee and
run the daily programs of the Haram of Fatimah al-Ma'sumah, Peace be upon her,
to lead the Salat al-Jama'at. He humbly accepted this responsibility, and every
night, under the graceful eyes of the sister of Imam 'Ali ibn Musa al-Rida who
is buried in Qum, thousands of scholars, students, visitors to this holy city
and residents of Qum offered their prayers behind this humble man.
The Station of Marja'iyat
After the death
of Ayatullah al-Uzma al-Hajj as-Sayyid Ruhullah al-Musawi al-Khumayni, May Allah
raise his rank, the believers turned to him for Taqlid. After the
demise of Ayatullah al-Uzma ash-Shaykh Araki, May Allah raise his rank,
Ayatullah Fazel Lankarani was officially introduced, by the Hawza 'Ilmiyyah of
Qum in their statement, as the number
one Marja Taqlid of the Muslim Ummah. Moreover, a number of prominent scholars have approved his eligibility and recognized him as the most qualified and learned Mujtahid. Please click here to find details
Along with the
important task of teaching the future scholars of Islam, and raising up the
guardians of the Religion, he also finds time to write and compile books, some
of which include:
1. Tafsil al-Shari'ah
(Arabic): A concise, explanatory work detailing the book Tahrir al-Wasilah,
which was Ayatullah Khomeini's compilation of Islamic rules and regulations
written in Arabic. Up to now, 13 volumes of this work have been printed and are
available, with another 5 volumes under print.
al-'Urwatul Wuthqa (Arabic): The detailed book of Fiqh written by Ayatullah
Sayyid Kazim Yazdi, with the opinions of Ayatullah Fazel Lankarani.
3. Nihaya al-Taqrir
(Arabic): The notes of the lessons of Ayatullah al-Uzma al-Hajj as-Sayyid
Muhammad Hussein Burujerdi's classes on Salat, printed in two volumes.
Kitab at-Taharah Misbah al-Faqihi (Arabic): The notes on the "Book of
Cleanliness" written by Muhaqqiq Hamdani.
5. A summary on
the topic of "al-Ijtihad and at-Taqlid" from the book al-'Urwatul Wuthqa in
6. Kitab as-Sawm
(Arabic): The Book of Fasting
7. Kitab al-Qada
(Arabic): The Book of Passing Judgement
al-Mustahditah (Arabic): A compilation of the Islamic laws.
9. A discussion
on the ruling of reading the Salat while wearing clothing that one has doubts
10. A discussion
on the Hajj and 'Umrah.(Arabic)
al-Wadihah (Arabic): Compilation of the Islamic rules.
al-Hajj (Arabic): Notes on the book Tahrir al-Wasilah on the section of
al-Fiqhhiyah (Arabic): A text covering the various laws of Islamic
al-Usul (Arabic): His notes on the lessons of Ayatullah Khomeini, printed in
15. Tibyan al-Usul
(Arabic): His notes on the lessons of Usul that he has taught, printed in
al-Usul (Arabic): His notes on the lessons of Usul that were taught by Araki
Dars-e-Kharij Usul (Farsi): His Notes on the lessons of Usul that he has
taught, printed in 8 volumes.
18. Tawdhi al-Masail
(Farsi): Complete collection of Islamic laws.
Hajj (Farsi): Rules for the Hajj.
Introduction to Tafsir in the Science of the Qur'an (Arabic)
21. Tafsir of
Surah al-Fatiah (Arabic)
22. Possessing a
country in the view point of Imam 'Ali, Peace be upon him.
Infallibility of the Prophets
Collection of Indexes: An index to Bihar al-Anwar, al-Ghadir and al-Mizan.
al-Bait, Peace be upon them: The 14 lights in the Ayah of Tathir (33:33)
26. The Pure
A'immah, Peace be upon all of them: The Guardians of the Revelation in the
Holy Qur'an. (These two books (Ahl al-Bait, Peace be upon them: The 14 lights in
the Ayah of Tathir (33:33) and this one)) were compiled and written along with
28. Questions and
Answers regarding the Hajj (Arabic)
29. Questions and
Answers regarding the Hajj (Farsi)
30. Jami' al-Masa'il
(Farsi): Two volumes of Questions and Answers dealing with various Islamic