One of the Muslims economic duties is to pay Khums for certain things, (i. e 1/5) of those things must be paid to the Islamic ruler for defined use.
386 - Khums is obligatory on the following seven things.
* Profit or gain derived from earning
* Spoils of war
* Gems obtained from the sea diving
* Halal wealth with is mixed with Haraam wealth.
* Land which a Zimmi purchases from a Muslim.
387 - To pay Khums is obligatory and the same as prayer Fasting and all mature and wise persons, who possess one of these items, must act according to this rule.
- one of these cases which applies to most people in the society is to pay Khums from the surplus of the annual expenses for maintaining himself/herself and the family.
Islam respects the work of humans and fulfilling ones own needs takes priority
over paying Khums, so a person can supply all the necessity expenses from his/her income
during the year and at the end of the year. To pay Khums is not obligatory if his/her income
does not have surplus. However, if he lived ordinarily without extravagance, or
hardship and in the end his/her income had surplus, he/she should pay Christians, Jews
and Zoroastrians have made a pact with the Islamic governmevt and pay the prescribed
tax accept the special conditions which have been explained in the complete high book in
turn their life and property is safe and protected.
Rules of Khums
388 - A person cannot spend the money on which Khums has not been paid, i.e he/she cannot eat any food which is liable for Khums or he/she cannot buy anything wih the money on which Khums has not been paid.
389 - If a person purchases provision for his/her use during the year, such as rice, oil, and etc and at the end of year a part of it remains unused, he/she should pay Khums on it.
390 - If a child (not mature) has any investment and it has profit his guardian (father or grandfather) should pay Khums on it.
Utilization of Khums
391 - Khums should be divided in two parts. One part is Sehme Imam (A.S) (the portion the12th), it should be given to a Mujtahid, who fulfils all the conditions for being a Mujtahid or his representive and the second portion is Sehme sadat, as an obligatory precaution should be given to a Mujtahid or with his permission to a Sayyid who is poor, or an orphan, or who has become stranded without money in the course of a journey.