Rules of Ghusl for the Dead.
550. It is obligatory to give three Ghusls to a dead body. The first bathing should be with water mixed with Sidr (Beri) leaves. The second bathing should be with water mixed with camphor and the third should be with unmixed water
551. The quality of Sidr leaves and camphor should neither be so much that the water becomes mixed (Mozaf), nor so little that it may be said that Sidr leaves and camphor have not been mixed in it all
552. If enough quantity of Sidr leaves and camphor is not available, then whatever quantity available should be mixed with water, but it should not be so little that they are negligible
553. If a person who is in Ihram dies before the completion of Saee, between Safa and Marvah, his body should not be washed with water mixed with camphor and he should be washed with unmixed water. The same applies if he dies in Omrah Hajj, before shaving his head
554. If Sidr leaves and camphor or either of these things is not available or its use is not lawful, e.g. if it has been usurped, the dead body should be given Ghusl, with pure, unmixed water instead of the Ghusl which is not possible
555. A person who gives Ghusl to a dead body should be a Muslim, Shia Ithna Ashari, adult, and sane, and should know the rules of Ghusl
556. One who gives Ghusl to the dead body should perform the act with the Niyyat of Qurbat, that is, obedience to the pleasure of Allah. It is enough for him to remain in Niyyat until the end of the third Ghusl and it is not necessary to renew Niyyat each time
557. Ghusl to a Muslim child, even illegitimate, is obligatory. But the Ghusl, Kafan, Dafn of a Kafir and his children is not allowed. And it is necessary to give Ghusl to one who has been insane since childhood and has grown up without having recovered, if his father or mother or grandfather or grandmother was Muslim; otherwise (if none of them was Muslim), it is not permissible to perform Ghusl
558. If a foetus of 4 months or more is still-born, it is obligatory to give it Ghusl, and if it has not competed four months, the foetus will be wrapped up in a cloth and buried without Ghusl
559. It is unlawful for a man to give Ghusl to the dead body
of a woman and for a woman to give Ghusl to the dead body of a man.
560. A man can give Ghusl to the dead body of a girl who is less than 3 years old and similarly a woman can give Ghusl to the dead body of a boy less than 3 years old
561. If no man is available to give Ghusl to the dead body of a man, his kinswomen who are also his Mahram (one with whom marriage is prohibited e.g., mother, sister, paternal aunt and maternal aunt) or those women who become his Mahram by way of marriage or suckling can give Ghusl to his dead body. Similarly if no woman is available to give Ghusl to the dead body of a woman, her kinsmen who are also her Mahram or have become Mahram by marriage or suckling can give Ghusl to her dead body. In either cases, it is obligatory to give Ghusl from under the dress
562. If a man gives Ghusl to the dead body of a man, or a woman to the dead body of a woman, it is permissible to keep the body bare, except the private parts
563. It is Haraam to look at the private parts of a corpse and if a person giving Ghusl looks at them, he commits a sin, though the Ghusl will not be void
564. If there is Nejasat on any part of the dead body, it is obligatory to first remove it before giving Ghusl. And it is preferred, as an obligatory precaution, that before the corpse is given Ghusl, it should be clean and free from all other Nejasat
565. Ghusl for a dead body is similar to Ghusl of Janabat. And the obligatory precaution is that a corpse should not be given Ghusl by Ertemasi, that is, immersion, as long as it is possible to give Ghusl by way of Tartibi. And in the case of Tartibi Ghusl, it is necessary that the three parts of the body be immersed in the water
566. If someone dies in the state of Hayz or Janabat, it is not necessary to give him/her their respective Ghusls. The Ghusls given to the dead body will suffice
567. It is Haraam to charge any fee for giving Ghusl to the dead. However, it is not unlawful to charge for the preliminary preparation before Ghusl
568. If water is not available or there is some other valid excuse for abstaining from using water for the Ghusl, then the dead body should be given one Tayammum instead of Ghusl
569. A person giving Tayammum to the dead body should strike his own palms on earth and then wipe them on the face and back of the hands of the dead body. And the obligatory precaution is that he should, if possible, use the hands of the dead for its Tayammum.