Prayer for Wahshat
It is befitting that on the first night after the burial of a dead person, two
Rak’ats of Wahshat prayers be offered for it. The method of offering this
prayers is as follows: In the first Rak’at, after
reciting Surah al-Hamd, Ayatul Kursi should be recited once and in the second
Rak’at, Surah al-Qadr should be recited 10 times after Surah al-Hamd;
and after saying the Salam the following supplication should be recited:
“Alla humma salli ‘ala muhammadin wa Ali
Muhammad wab’ath thawabaha ila qabri (here the name of the dead person and his
father’s name should be mentioned)
638. Wahshat prayers can be offered in the
night following the burial of the dead body at any time, but it is better to
offer it in the early hours of the night after Isha prayers.
639. If it is proposed to transfer the dead body to some distant
town or its burial is delayed owing to some reason, the Wahshat prayers should
be deferred till the first night of its burial.
It is Haraam to open the grave of a Muslim, even if it belongs to a child or an
insane person. However, there is no objection if the dead body has decayed and
turned into dust
641. Opening the graves of the descendants of Imams, the martyrs, the
Ulama and the pious persons is Haraam, even if they are very old
642. Digging up the grave is not Haraam in several cases:
I. When the dead body has been buried in an usurped
land and the owner of the land is not willing to let it remain there.
II. When the Kafan of the dead body or any other
thing buried with it had been usurped and the owner of the thing in
III. If the dead person is buried without Ghusl or
Kafan or it is proved later that his/her Ghusl was void or the Kafan was not in
order or was not laid in the grave facing Qibla.
There are numerous recommendatory (Mustahab) Ghusls in the holy religion
of Islam and the followings are among them:
I. Ghusl Jumuah described time is from Fajr to
sunset, but it is better to perform it near Zuhr. If, however, a person does not
perform it till noon, he can perform it till dusk without a Niyyat of either
performing is on time or as Qadha. And if a person does not perform his Ghusl on
Friday, it is Mustahab that he should perform the Qadha of Ghusl on Saturday at
any time between dawn and dusk. And if a person fears that it will not be
possible for him to procure water for his Ghusl on Friday, he can perform the
Ghusl on Thursday with the Niyyat of Raja’, that is, as a desirable act. And
it is Mustahab to recite the following supplication while performing Friday
Ghusl: ‘Ash hadu an la ilaha il lal lahu wahdahu la sharika lah wa ash hadu
anna Muhamadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluh. Alla humma salli ala Muhamadin wa Ali
Muhammad waj’alni minat tawwabina waj’alni minal Mutafahhirin (I testify
that there is none to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no associate and
Muhammad is his servant and Messenger. O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his Progeny
and make me one of those who are repentant and pure)
II. Ghusl on the first night of Ramadhan and all odd nights of it like
3rd, 5th, 7th, but on 21st night it is Mustahab to perform Ghusl all night and
1st, 15th, 17th, 19th, 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th, and 29th nights are more
emphasized. And the time for Ghusls of Ramadhan is all night and it is better to
be near sunset, but from 21st up to the end of month, it is better to be between
Maghrib and Isha. And also it is recommendatory that on 23rd night, apart from
the Ghusl of the beginning of night, another Ghusl is performed at the late
III. Ghusl on Eidul Fitr day and Eidul Azha day.
The time of this Ghusl is from Fajr up to the sunset. It is, however, better to
be before Eid prayers, and if it is performed from Zuhr to sunset, it is
precaution that it should be performed with the intention of Reja (e.g. the hope
that it might be a desirable act).
IV. Ghusl on the night of Eidul Fitr, the time of
which is beginning of Maghrib up to Adhan of Fajr and it is better to be at the
beginning of night.
V. Ghusl on the 8th and 9th of the month of
Zillhaijj. As regards the 9th of Zillhaijj, it is better to perform it at
VI. Ghusl of the 1st, 15th, and 21st and the last
day of Rajab.
VII. Ghusl of the day of Eidul Ghadir, and it is
better to be before Zuhr.
VIII. The Ghusl for 24th of Dhul-Hijja.
IX. The Ghusl on the day of Eid-i-Nawrooz and 15th
of Sha’ban and 9th and 17th of Rabiul Awwal and the 25th day of Zillqadah.
X. The Ghusl to a new born child.
XI. The Ghusl by a woman who has perfumed herself
for someone other than her husband.
XII. The Ghusl by one who slept in a state of
XIII. The Ghusl by a person who has touched a dead
body after it has been given Ghusl.
XIV. The Ghusl of a person who has not performed
Ayaat prayer (Namaz) intentionally when the moon or the sun was in total
XV. The Ghusl by a person who went to witness the
hanging and saw the hanged person. However, if he sees it accidentally, or if he
had gone, Ghusl will not be Mustahab for him
644. Before entry into Haraam (sanctuary) of Mecca, Mecca city, Masjid
al-Haraam, Ka’abahh, Haram of Medina, city of Medina, and the Mosque of the
Holy Prophet, and Haram of Imams (AS), it is recommendatory to perform Ghusl,
and if one person enters several of those places in one day, one Ghusl is
sufficient and a person who wants to enter Haram of Mecca and Masjid al-Haraam
and Ka’abahh in one day, performs one Ghusl with proper Niyyat (intention),
then it is sufficient. Also, if
in one day one person wants to enter Haram of Medina, city of Medina, and the
Mosque of the Holy Prophet (ASW), one Ghusl is sufficient for all. For the
pilgrimage of the Prophet and Imams (AS) whether from near or far and for
requesting something from Allah and for the purpose of repenting and Neshat of
prayers and for the purpose of going to a trip, especially for pilgrimage of
Hazrat Seyyed Al-Shohada (AS), it is recommendatory to perform Ghusl. And if one
performs the above-mentioned Ghusls and then acts in a way that violates Wudhu
like sleeping, his/her Ghusl is void and it is recommendatory to perform it
645. A person cannot do acts, which require Wudhu like Namaz, with
646. If one has to perform a number of Mustahab Ghusls, one Ghusl with
the Niyyat of performing all the Ghusls will be sufficient.