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Prayer for Wahshat

637. It is befitting that on the first night after the burial of a dead person, two Rak’ats of Wahshat prayers be offered for it. The method of offering this prayers is as follows: In the first Rak’at, after reciting Surah al-Hamd, Ayatul Kursi should be recited once and in the second Rak’at, Surah al-Qadr should be recited 10 times after Surah al-Hamd; and after saying the Salam the following supplication should be recited: “Alla humma salli ‘ala muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad wab’ath thawabaha ila qabri (here the name of the dead person and his father’s name should be mentioned)

638. Wahshat prayers can be offered in the night following the burial of the dead body at any time, but it is better to offer it in the early hours of the night after Isha prayers.

639. If it is proposed to transfer the dead body to some distant town or its burial is delayed owing to some reason, the Wahshat prayers should be deferred till the first night of its burial.


640. It is Haraam to open the grave of a Muslim, even if it belongs to a child or an insane person. However, there is no objection if the dead body has decayed and turned into dust

641. Opening the graves of the descendants of Imams, the martyrs, the Ulama and the pious persons is Haraam, even if they are very old

642. Digging up the grave is not Haraam in several cases:

I. When the dead body has been buried in an usurped land and the owner of the land is not willing to let it remain there.

II. When the Kafan of the dead body or any other thing buried with it had been usurped and the owner of the thing in

III. If the dead person is buried without Ghusl or Kafan or it is proved later that his/her Ghusl was void or the Kafan was not in order or was not laid in the grave facing Qibla.

Recommendatory Ghusls

643. There are numerous recommendatory (Mustahab) Ghusls in the holy religion of Islam and the followings are among them:

I. Ghusl Jumuah described time is from Fajr to sunset, but it is better to perform it near Zuhr. If, however, a person does not perform it till noon, he can perform it till dusk without a Niyyat of either performing is on time or as Qadha. And if a person does not perform his Ghusl on Friday, it is Mustahab that he should perform the Qadha of Ghusl on Saturday at any time between dawn and dusk. And if a person fears that it will not be possible for him to procure water for his Ghusl on Friday, he can perform the Ghusl on Thursday with the Niyyat of Raja’, that is, as a desirable act. And it is Mustahab to recite the following supplication while performing Friday Ghusl: ‘Ash hadu an la ilaha il lal lahu wahdahu la sharika lah wa ash hadu anna Muhamadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluh. Alla humma salli ala Muhamadin wa Ali Muhammad waj’alni minat tawwabina waj’alni minal Mutafahhirin (I testify that there is none to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no associate and Muhammad is his servant and Messenger. O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his Progeny and make me one of those who are repentant and pure)

II. Ghusl on the first night of Ramadhan and all odd nights of it like 3rd, 5th, 7th, but on 21st night it is Mustahab to perform Ghusl all night and 1st, 15th, 17th, 19th, 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th, and 29th nights are more emphasized. And the time for Ghusls of Ramadhan is all night and it is better to be near sunset, but from 21st up to the end of month, it is better to be between Maghrib and Isha. And also it is recommendatory that on 23rd night, apart from the Ghusl of the beginning of night, another Ghusl is performed at the late night.

III. Ghusl on Eidul Fitr day and Eidul Azha day. The time of this Ghusl is from Fajr up to the sunset. It is, however, better to be before Eid prayers, and if it is performed from Zuhr to sunset, it is precaution that it should be performed with the intention of Reja (e.g. the hope that it might be a desirable act).

IV. Ghusl on the night of Eidul Fitr, the time of which is beginning of Maghrib up to Adhan of Fajr and it is better to be at the beginning of night.

V. Ghusl on the 8th and 9th of the month of Zillhaijj. As regards the 9th of Zillhaijj, it is better to perform it at noon-time.

VI. Ghusl of the 1st, 15th, and 21st and the last day of Rajab.

VII. Ghusl of the day of Eidul Ghadir, and it is better to be before Zuhr.

VIII. The Ghusl for 24th of Dhul-Hijja.

IX. The Ghusl on the day of Eid-i-Nawrooz and 15th of Sha’ban and 9th and 17th of Rabiul Awwal and the 25th day of Zillqadah.

X. The Ghusl to a new born child.

XI. The Ghusl by a woman who has perfumed herself for someone other than her husband.

XII. The Ghusl by one who slept in a state of intoxication.

XIII. The Ghusl by a person who has touched a dead body after it has been given Ghusl.

XIV. The Ghusl of a person who has not performed Ayaat prayer (Namaz) intentionally when the moon or the sun was in total eclipse.

XV. The Ghusl by a person who went to witness the hanging and saw the hanged person. However, if he sees it accidentally, or if he had gone, Ghusl will not be Mustahab for him

644. Before entry into Haraam (sanctuary) of Mecca, Mecca city, Masjid al-Haraam, Ka’abahh, Haram of Medina, city of Medina, and the Mosque of the Holy Prophet, and Haram of Imams (AS), it is recommendatory to perform Ghusl, and if one person enters several of those places in one day, one Ghusl is sufficient and a person who wants to enter Haram of Mecca and Masjid al-Haraam and Ka’abahh in one day, performs one Ghusl with proper Niyyat (intention), then it is sufficient. Also, if
in one day one person wants to enter Haram of Medina, city of Medina, and the Mosque of the Holy Prophet (ASW), one Ghusl is sufficient for all. For the pilgrimage of the Prophet and Imams (AS) whether from near or far and for requesting something from Allah and for the purpose of repenting and Neshat of prayers and for the purpose of going to a trip, especially for pilgrimage of Hazrat Seyyed Al-Shohada (AS), it is recommendatory to perform Ghusl. And if one performs the above-mentioned Ghusls and then acts in a way that violates Wudhu like sleeping, his/her Ghusl is void and it is recommendatory to perform it again

645. A person cannot do acts, which require Wudhu like Namaz, with recommendatory Ghusls

646. If one has to perform a number of Mustahab Ghusls, one Ghusl with the Niyyat of performing all the Ghusls will be sufficient.