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Rules of permanent Marriage

2557. For a woman with whom permanent marriage is contracted, it is Haraam to go out of the house without the permission of her husband, though her leaving may not violate the rights of the husband. Also, she should submit herself to his sexual desires, and should not prevent him from having sexual intercourse with her, without justifiable excuse. And as long as she does not fail in her duties, it is obligatory on the husband to provide for her food, clothes and housing. And if he does not provide the same, regardless of whether he is able to provide them or not, he remains indebted to the wife.

2558. If the wife does not fulfil her matrimonial duties towards her husband, she will not be entitled for the food, clothes, or housing, even if she continues to live with him. In any case, there is no doubt that she does not forfeit her Mahr.

2559. Man has no right to compel his wife to render household services.

2560. Expenses, which are necessary for a journey, will be borne by the wife, if they exceed her expenses at home, except when the husband is himself inclined to take her along with him on a journey, in which case he will bear her expenses also.

2561. If a wife who obeys her husband wants to get her expenses and the husband denies, she may refer to a fully competent Mujtahid to compel him for payment of wife’s maintenance, but if this is not possible, she may refer to Adil believers (Momenin) and if that is not also possible, she may refer to other Momenin. And if it does not work, she may take her daily expenses from her husband’s property without his permission and if this is not possible and she is obliged to earn her livelihood, she is not obliged to obey her husband during the time she does that.

2562. If a man, for example, has two wives and spends one night with one of them, it is obligatory on him to spend anyone of four nights with the other as well. In situation other than this, it is not obligatory on a man to stay with his wife. Of course, it is necessary that he should not totally forsake living with the wife. And as a precaution, a man should spend one night out of every four with his permanent wife.

2563. It is not permissible for the husband to abandon sexual intercourse with his permanent wife for more than 4 months.

2564. If Mahr is not fixed in a permanent marriage, the marriage is in order. And in such case, if the husband has sexual intercourse with the wife, he should pay her proper Mahr, which would be in accordance with the Mahr usually paid to women of her category.

2565. If at the time of Nikah for permanent marriage, no tome is fixed for paying Mahr, the wife can prevent her husband from having sexual intercourse with her before receiving Mahr, irrespective of whether the husband is or is not able to pay it. But if she once agree to have sexual intercourse before taking Mahr, and her husband has sexual intercourse with her, then she cannot prevent him afterwards from having sexual intercourse without a justifiable excuse.