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Obligations of Namaz

There are eleven obligatory acts for prayers: Niyyat (intention); Qiyam (standing erect); Takbiratual Ehram (saying Allahu Akbar while commencing the prayers); Ruku (bowing); Sajdah (prostration); Qira’at; Zikr; Tashahhud; Salam (salutation); Tartib (sequence); Muwalat (to perform the different acts of prayers in regular succession).

964. Some of the obligatory acts of prayers are elemental (Rukn). Hence, a person who does not offer them, whether intentionally or by mistake, his prayers become void. Some other obligatory acts of prayers are not elemental. Therefore, if they are omitted by mistake, the prayers does not become void; but if they are omitted intentionally or something is added to them, Namaz is void. The elementals of Namaz are five: Niyyat (intention); Takbiratul Ehram; standing while saying Takbiratul Ehram and before Ruku; Ruku; two Sajdah in every Rak’at.

Niyyat (Intention)
Takbiratul Ehram
Qiyam for prayers
Qira'at (Reciting)
Ruku (Genuflexion)
Sujood (Prostrations)
*Things which are permissable for prostration
*Recommended and Unrecommended acts in prostration
*Obligatory Sujood for the Holy Qur'an
Tashahuud (Testimony)
Salam in prayers
Mowalat (Maintaining of succession of acts without undue delay)