1237. A person for whom it is obligatory to offer Namaz-e-Ihtiyat should make its Niyyat immediately after the Salam of prayers, and pronounce Takbir and recite Surah al-Hamd and then perform Ruku and two Sajdahs. Now, if he has to perform only one Rak’at of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, he should recite Tashahhud and Salam of the prayers after two Sajdahs. If it is obligatory for him to perform 2 Rak’ats of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, he should perform, after the 2 Sajdahs, another Rak’at like the first one, and then complete with Tashahhud and Salam.
1238. Namaz-e-Ihtiyat does not have other Surah and Qunut, and this prayer should be offered silently; its Niyyat should not be uttered; and the obligatory precaution is that its Bismillah should also be pronounced silently.
1239. If a person realizes before starting Namaz-e-Ihtiyat that the prayer which he had offered was correct, he need not offer it, and if he realizes this during Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, he need not complete it.
1240. If a person becomes certain before starting Namaz-e-Ihtiyat that the prayers which he had offered had lesser Rak’ats, and if he has still not performed an act which would invalidate prayers, he should complete those parts of the prayers which he had not performed, and as a precaution, also perform 2 Sajdatus Sahv for the extra Salam. And if he has performed an act, which invalidates prayers, for example, if he has turned away from Qibla, he should repeat the prayers
1241. If a person realizes after Namaz-e-Ihtiyat that the deficiency in his original prayers was equal to Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, like if he offers 1 Rak’at of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat in the case of doubt about 3 and 4 Rak’ats, and it transpires later that he had actually offered 3 Rak’ats in the original prayers, his prayers will be in order.
1242. If a person learns after Namaz-e-Ihtiyat that the deficiency in his original prayers was lesser than the Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, like if he offers 2 Rak’ats of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat for the doubt about 2 and 4 Rak’ats, and learns later that he had actually offered 3 Rak’ats, he should repeat his original prayers after offering that deficiency if he has not done anything which invalidates prayer.
1243. If a person learns after Namaz-e-Ihtiyat that the deficiency in his original prayers was more than Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, like if he offers 1 Rak’at of Namaz-e-Ihtiyat for the doubt between 3 and 4 Rak’ats, and learns later that he actually offered 2 Rak’ats only, if he has performed any act, which invalidates the prayers like if he turns away from Qibla, he should offer the prayers again. And even if he has not performed an act, which invalidates the prayers, he should repeat his prayers, and should not be content with simply adding the missing 2 Rak’ats, position instead of two Rak’ats in standing position, and then he/she must offer the deficiency of his/her Namaz and, as a precaution, repeat his/her prayer.
1248. If a person doubts whether he offered Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, which was obligatory on him, and if the time of prayers has lapsed, he should ignore the doubt. And if he has time at his disposal, and if much time has not elapsed between the doubt and the prayers, and he has also not performed an act invalidating the prayers, like turning away from Qibla, he should offer Namaz-e-Ihtiyat. But if he has performed an act, which invalidates the prayers, or if a good deal of time has elapsed between the prayers and the doubt, he should, as a precaution, pray again.
1249. If a person increase a Rukn in Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, or if he prays 2 Rak’ats instead of 1, his Namaz-e-Ihtiyat will be void, and he will have to offer the original Namaz again.
1250. If, during Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, a person doubts about any one of its acts and if its stage has not passed, he should perform it. And if its stage has passed, he should ignore the doubt. For example, if he doubts whether or not he has recited Surah al-Hamd, and if he has not yet gone into Ruku, he should recite Surah al-Hamd, and if he has gone into Ruku, he should ignore his doubt.
1251. If a person has doubt about the number of Rak’ats in Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, he/she must decide on the higher side, but if that invalidates Namaz, he/she must repeat prayer, and offering Namaz-e-Ihtiyat is not necessary
1253. If the person offering Namaz-e-Ihtiyat doubts after Salam whether or not he has performed one of the parts or condition of the prayers, he should ignore his doubt.
1254. If a person forgets Tashahhud or one Sajdah in Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, and if he is not able to perform it at once, the recommended precaution is that he should perform the Qadha for Sajdah after the Salam of the prayers.
1255. If a man has an obligation to perform Namaz-e-Ihtiyat, Qadha of a Sajdah or two Sajdatus Sahv, he should first offer Namaz-e-Ihtiyat.
1256. As far as Rak’ats of Namaz are concerned, probability or strong feeling about it will be treated at the same level as certainty. For example, if in a prayer of 4 Rak’ats, he strongly feels that he has offered 4 Rak’ats, he should not offer Namaz-e-Ihtiyat. Also, in matter other than Rak’ats, strong feeling is valid; although precaution must be observed.
1257. There is no difference between the rules of doubt, forgetting and probability or strong feeling, regardless of it occurring in the daily obligatory prayers or other Wajib Namaz. For example, if one doubts in Namaz of Ayaat, whether he has performed 1 Rak’at or 2, his Namaz will be void; because it is a doubt which has occurred in Namaz consisting of 2 Rak’ats.