Qadha of Namaz.
1392. A person who does not offer his obligatory prayers within time, should offer Qadha prayers even if he slept, or was unconcscious during the entire time prescribed for the prayers. The ladies who have to leave out daily prayers, or any other obligatory prayers, due to Haidh or Nifas, do not have to give any Qadha for them.
1393. If a person realizes after the time for the prayers has lapsed, that the prayers which he offered in time was void, he should perform its Qadha prayers.
1394. If a child becomes mature before the time of Namaz, even for a period of one Rakat, he/she must offer obligatory Namaz and if he/she fails to do it, offering its Qadha is obligatory; and the same rule applies to a woman in Haidh or Nifas, if before the set time passes, her excuse is removed.
1395. A person who has to offer Friady prayers, if fails to offer it at right time, must offer Zuhr prayer and if he/she fails to do this, he/she must offer Qadha for Zuhr prayer.
1396. Qadha for obligatory prayers can be offered at anytime in day or night, whether in travel or otherwise. But, if one is not in travel and wishes to offer Qadha for Namaz of traveling period, he/she must offer it in Qasr and in the opposite situation, he/she must offer full prayer as Qadha.
1397. Qadha of Namaz in places like Masjid-al Haraam which originally can be offered in shortened or full forms, if it is offered at some other place, as an obligatory precaution should be in Qasr, and if it is offered in the same places, can be offered either Qasr or full.
1398. A perosn having Qadha prayers on him, should not be careless about offering them, although it is not obligatory for him to offer it immediately.
1399. A perosn who has Qadha prayers on him, can offer Mustahab prayers.
1400. As an obligatory precaution, observance of order in Qadha of daily pryers is necessary and in prayers, which have an order in offering like Zuhr and Asr, observance of order in Qadha between them is necessary.
1401. If a person wishes to offer some Qadha prayers for other than the daily prayer, like Namaz-e Ayat, or for example if he wishes to offer one daily prayer and a few other prayers, it is not necessary to maintian order in offering them.
1402. If a perosn forgets the sequential order of the prayers, which he has not offered, it is not necessary to observe order and he/she may offer any of them first.
1403. If it is intended to offer Qadha of prayers for a dead person, and the heirs are aware of his/her unoffered prayers, it is necessary to observe the order. Therefore, it is not correct to hire several persons at one time to offer prayers for the dead and it is necessary to set a time for each of them, but if the order of lapsed prayers is not known, this condition is not necessary.
1404. A person who has several Qadha prayers and he/she does not know their number; for example, he does not know whether it was 4 or 5, if he/she offers the lesser number it is sufficient but as an obligatory precaution, if he/she knew the number before and has forgotten it later, he/she must offer the bigger number.
1405. If the Qadha of Namaz of the same day is obligatory to a person who wants to offer unsual Namaz, as an obligatory precaution, he/she must offer Qadha first.
1406. As long as a person is alive, no other preson can offer his Qadha on his behalf, even if he himself is unable to offer them.
1407. Qadha prayers can be offered in congregation, irrespective of whether the prayers of the Imam are Ada or Qadha. And it is not necessary that both of them should be offering the same prayers; there is no harm if a person offers Qadha Fajr prayers with the Zuhr prayer or Asr prayers of the Imam.
1408. It is recommended that a discerning child, one who can distinguish between good and evil, is made to form the habit of prayers regularly, and to perform other acts of worship. In fact, it is Mustahab that he is encouraged to offer Qadha prayers.