Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers
1592. Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayer are obligatory during the time of Imam (AS), and it is necessary to offer them in congregation. However, during the present times when the Holy Imam is in occultation, these prayers are Mustahab, and may be offered individually as well as in congregation.
1593. The time for Eid prayers is from sunrise of the Eid day till Zuhr.
1594. It is Mustahab that Eid ul Azha prayers is offered after sunrise. As for Eid ul Fitr, it is Mustahab that one should have a breakfast after sunrise, pay Zakatul Fitr and then offer Eid prayers.
1595. Eid prayers has two Rak’ats. In the first Rak’at, a person should recite Surah al-Hamd and a Surah and then they say five Takbirs, and after every Takbir he should recite Qunut. After the fifth Qunut, he should say another Takbir and then perform Ruku and two Sajdahs. He should then stand up and say four Takbirs in the second Rak’at, and recite Qunut after everyone of these Takbirs. Thereafter, he should say the fifth Takbir and then perform Ruku and two Sajdah. After the second Sajdah, he should recite Tashahhud, and then complete the prayers with Salam.
1596. Any recital or Dua will suffice in Qunut of the Eid prayers. However, it is better that the following Dua is recited: Allahumma ahlal kibtiya’i wal ‘azaman, wa ahlal judi wal jaburat, wa ahlal ‘afwi war rahmah, wa ahlat taqwa wal maghfirah. As aluka bihaqqi hazal yawmil lazi ja’altahu lil muslimina ‘ida, wali Muhammadin sal lal lahu ‘Alaihi wa Alihi, zukhran wa sharafan wa karamatan wa mazida an tusalliya ‘ala Muhammad wa Ali Muhammad wa an tudkhilani fi hulli khayrin adkhalta fihi Muhammadan wa Ala Muhammad wa an tukhrijani min kulli su’in akhrajta minhu Muhammadan wa Ala Muhammad salawatuka ‘alahi wa ‘alahim. Ala humma inni as aluka khayra ma sa alula bihi ibadukas salihun, wa auzubika mim masta aza minhu ibadukal mukhlasun.
1597. It is Mustahab that Namaz of Eid ul Fitr and Azha is recited loudly.
1598. No particular Surah has been specified for Eid prayers. But, it is better that in the first Rak’at, Surah Wash Shams (91) be recited and in the second Rak’at Surah al Ghashiya (88). Or in the first Rak’at, to recite Surah of Sabbi Hism (87) and in the second Rak’at Surah Wash Shams.
1599. It is Mustahab to breakfast with dates before Namaz of Eid ul Fitr and eating sacrificed animals’ meat after Namaz of Eid ul Azha.
1600. It is Mustahab to walk barefooted to attend Eid prayers, with all the dignity, and to do Ghusl before Namaz, and to place a white turban on one’s head.
1601. It is Mustahab that in Eid prayers Sajdah be performed on earth, and hands be raised while saying Takbirs. It is also Mustahab that a person who is offering Eid prayers alone, or as an Imam of the congregation, recites prayers loudly.
1602. It is recommended that Eid prayers be performed in the open fields. However, in Mecca, it is Mustahab that it should be offered in Masjidul Haraam.
1603. It is Mustahab that the following Takbirs be said on Eid ul Fitr night (i.e. night preceding the Eid day), after Maghrib and Isha prayers, and on Eid day after Fajr prayers, as well as after Eid ul Fitr prayers: “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, la ilaha illal lah wallahu akbar, Allahu Akbar, wa lilla hil hamd, Allahu Akbar ala ma hadana”
1604. In Eid ul Azha, it is Mustahab that the above-mentioned
Takbirs be said after ten prayers, of which the first is the Zuhr prayers
of Eid day and the last is the Fajr of 12th Zillhajj. It is also Mustahab
that after the above-mentioned Takbirs, the following be recited:
“Allahu Akbar ‘ala ma razaquna min bahimatil an ‘am, wal hamahu lil
lahi ala ma ablana”.
1605. It is not recommended to offer Namaz of Eid under closed spaces.
1606. If one doubts about Takbirs of Namaz and its Qunuts, if the set stage has passed, ha/she should ignore it, but if the stage has not passed, he/she must consider the lower numbers as correct and if later it became clear that he/she had already done them, there is no harm.
1607. If one forgets reciting Surah or Takbirs or Qunuts, and remember this matter after perfoming Ruku, his Namaz is in order.
1608. If one forgets Ruku or 2 Sajdah or Takbiatul-Ihram, his/her Namaz is void.
1609. If a person forgets one Sajdah or Tashahhud in Eid prayers, he should perform it after the prayers as a recommended precaution, and for Reja. Similarly, if something takes place for which a Sajadatus Sahv would be necessary after daily prayers, it will also necessary after the Eid prayers.