508. From the time when the child birth takes place, the blood seen by the mother is Nifas, provided that it stops before or on completion of the 10th day. While in the condition of Nifas, a woman is called Nafsa.
509. The blood which a mother sees before the appearance of the first limb of the child is not Nifas.
510. It is not necessary that the baby is grown. Even if a closed blood cell is born, and the mother or 4 mid wives testify that if it remained in womb it could have been a human being, then the blood seen by the mother for 10 days will be Nifas.
511. It is possible that Nifas blood may be discharged for an instant only, but it never exceeds 10 days.
512. If a woman doubts whether she has aborted something or not, or whether the thing aborted is a child or not, it is not necessary for her to investigate, and the blood which is discharged in this situation is not Nifas from Shariah point of view.
513. Halting in a mosque, going to Masjid-al-Haraam, and Masjid-al-Nabi (SAW) and touching writings of Quran and other things which are Haran for Haaez, are also Haraam for Nafsa and whatever is obligatory or recommendatory or unrecommended for Haaez, is the same for Nafsa
514. Divorcing a woman who is in the state of Nifas is void, and having intercourse with her is Haraam. However, if her husband has sexual intercourse with her, as a recommendatory precaution, she must pay Kaffara, according to the rules mentioned for Hayz.
515. When a woman becomes Pak from Nifas, she should do Ghusl and perform acts of worship. And if she sees blood again, once or often, and the total number of days on which blood is seen and the intervening days during which she remains Pak is 10 or less than 10, then all of it will be Nifas. If she has kept fast, she must give their Qadha.
516. If a woman becomes Pak from Nifas, but feels that there might be blood in the interior part, she should insert some cotton, and wait till she finds out. If she finds herself Pak, then she should do Ghusl for the acts of worship.
517. If Nifas blood is seen by a mother for more than 10 days and
she has a fixed habit of Hayz, then her Nifas will be equal to the
duration of Hayz and the rest would be Istihaza. And, if she does not have
a fixed habit of Hayz, she would take 10 days as those of Hayz, and treat
the rest as Istihaza.
518. If the habit of Hayz of a woman is less than 10 days and blood is seen for more days than the days of her Hayz, she should treat the days equal to the days of her Hayz as Nifas. And as an obligatory precaution, she must not perform worships until the 10th of day of childbirth; and after 10 days, she is considered to be in Nifas the same period as her habit and the rest will be Istihaza and if she has not performed the worships, she must give their Qadha.
519. If a woman with a fixed habit of Hayz sees blood continuously
for a month or more after giving birth to a child, the blood seen for the
days equal to her Hayz habit will be Nifas, and the blood seen after that
for 10 days will be Istihaza.
520. If a woman does not have a fixed habit of duration, and if after giving birth she sees blood continuously for a month or more, the first 10 days will be Nifas; and the next 10 days is Istihaza. And as regards the blood seen thereafter, it can be either Hayz or Istihaza, and in order to ascertain whether it is Hayz, the signs should be followed.