Rules of Istihaza.
395. In the case of little Istihaza, a woman should perform separate Wudhu for every prayer and should, as an obligatory precaution, wash or change the pad, or make it Pak with water.
396. If a woman sees Mutawassita, before Namaz or during Namaz, she should perform Ghusl for Namaz; but if she performs Ghusl before morning Namaz, she can do whatever said earlier about little Istihaza for every Namaz until the next morning, but if she does not perform Ghusl, intentionally or forgetfully, she must perform Ghusl for midday and Asr prayers and if not, she must perform Ghusl for Maghrib and Isha prayers.
397. In the case of excessive bleeding, a woman should change, as an obligatory precaution, the cotton or pad tied to her private parts or make it Pak with water. It is also necessary that she should do one Ghusl for her prayers, one for Zuhr and Asr prayers and once again for Maghrib and Isha prayers. She should offer Asr prayers immediately after Zuhr prayers and if she allowed any lapse of time between them, she should do Ghusl again for Asr prayers. Similarly, if she keeps any time gap between Maghrib and Isha prayers, she should do Ghusl again for Isha prayers.
398. If Istihaza blood is seen before the time for prayers has set in, and the woman has not performed Wudhu or Ghusl for that bleeding, she should perform Wudhu or Ghusl at the time of prayers, as an obligatory precaution.
399. A woman whose Istihaza is medium should first do Ghusl and then Wudhu, if she does any of them first, is correct; but it is better to perform Wudhu first.
400. When a woman who had little Istihaza finds out after Fajr that her Istihaza has developed into medium one, she will have to do Ghusl for Zuhr and Asr prayers. And if that change occurs after Zuhr, Asr prayers, then she will do a Ghusl for Maghrib and Isha prayers.
401. If a woman finds out after Fajr prayers that her little or medium Istihaza had developed into an excessive one, she must perform one Ghusl for Zuhr and Asr prayers, and another Ghusl for Maghrib and Ish prayers, and if the excessive one has occurred after Zuhr and Asr prayers, she must perform Ghusl for Maghrib and Isha prayers.
402. A woman in excessive situation or Mutawassita, if she performs Ghusl for Namaz before the time of Namaz, her Ghusl is void. If she performs Ghusl for night time Namaz, near morning Adhan prays, as an obligatory precaution, she must perform Ghusl and Wudhu again after beginning of the morning time.
403. A woman in Istihaza must perform Wudhu for Wudhu for every Namaz, whether obligatory or recommendatory, but if she wants to repeat the Namaz as a precaution or repeat the same Namaz in mass, she must do all that was said about Istihaza; but in case of Ihtiyat Namaz and forgotten Sajdah and Tashahhud and Sajd-e-Sahv, if she performs then immediately after Namaz, it is not necessary to do what is said about Istihaza.
404. After the bleeding of a Mustahaza woman has stopped, she should follow the rules of Istihaza only for the first subsequent prayers which she may offer. For further prayers, which follow, the rules of Istihaza would not be necessary.
405. If a woman does not know what kind of Istihaza she has, she should insert into herself some cotton and wait a while to ascertain. When she knows which kind of three Istihaza it is, she would follow the rules prescribed. And, if she is sure that the type of Istihaza will not change by the time she stands for her prayers she may carry out the test before the time for prayers sets in.
406. If a Mustahaza woman starts her prayers without making any investigation, but her intention is to obey the orders of Allah and act according to her duty, then her prayers are valid. For example, if her Istihaza was little, and she acted according to its rules, her prayers will be correct and valid. But if she did not have the intention of obeying Allah or following the rules of little Istihaza while in actual fact she was in the medium one, her prayers would be invalid.
407. If a Mustahaza woman cannot discern about her Istihaza, she should act according to the minimum certitude. For example, if she does not know whether her Istihaza is little or medium she should follow the rules which are prescribed for little Istihaza. But, if she knows which of the three kinds of Istihaza she has had previously, then she should act according to the rules for that kind of Istihaza.
408. If at the time of its initial appearance the blood of Istihaza remains within the interior of the body and does not come out, it does not nullify the Wudhu and Ghusl already performed by the woman. And if it comes out, it nullifies the Wudhu and Ghusl even if its quantity be very small.
409. If a Mustahaza woman examines herself after Namaz and finds no blood, she can say other prayers with the same Wudhu, even if she knows that the blood would reappear.
410. If a Mustahaza woman knows that since the time she has engaged herself with Wudhu or Ghusl blood has not come out of her body, she can defer offering prayers.
411. If a Mustahaza woman knows that before the time for prayers comes to an end,
she will become totally Pak, or if she knows that at certain time, bleeding would stop for
the time required for offering prayers she should wait and offer prayers when she is Pak.
412. If a Mustahaza, after having done Wudhu and Ghusl, finds that the bleeding has ceased, and she feels that if she delays the prayers she will become fully Pak, within the time required for Wudhu, Ghusl, and Namaz she should delay the prayers, and offer them after performing fresh Wudhu and Ghusl when she has become fully Pak. But if time for prayers is limited, it will not be necessary for her to perform Wudhu and Ghusl. She should offer prayers with the Wudhu and Ghusl, which she already has.
413. When a Mustahaza woman whose bleeding has been excessive becomes fully Pak, she should do Ghusl. However, f she knows that no blood was seen after having Ghusl for the previous prayers, it is not necessary for her to do Ghusl again.
414. Mustahaza women with little, medium or excessive bleeding, after Wudhu and Ghusl, should commence their prayers immediately; but to recite Adhan and Iqamah before Namaz or performing Mustahabat, like Qnut etc., will have no objection.
415. If a Mustahaza woman puts a gap between Ghusl and Namaz, she must perform Ghusl again and immediately pray; but if she does not bleed inside, Ghusl is not necessary.
416. If the blood of Istihaza is flowing and it does not stop, she must stop bleeding before and after Ghusl, provided that it is not harmful. But if bleeding is not continuous, she must stop bleeding only after Wudhu and Ghusl, and if she ignores that and blood comes out, as an obligatory precaution, she must perform Ghusl and Wudhu again and pray again, if she has already offered Namaz.
417. If blood does not stop at the time of Ghusl, the bath is in order. But if during the Ghusl the medium Istihaza becomes excessive, it will be necessary for her to start Ghusl all over again.
418. For a Mustahaza woman who is fasting, it is an obligatory precaution that she prevents the blood from issuing out of the body, throughout the day, as far as possible.
419. The fast of a Mustahaza woman who should perform Ghusl, is only valid in case that she performs all Ghusls of her daily Namaz during the day and as an obligatory precaution she must perform the Ghusl for Maghrib and Isha prayers during the night prayer before the Adhan of the morning, and during the day, she performs Ghusl for obligatory daily prayers, her fasting is in order.
420. If a woman becomes Mustahaza after Asr prayers and does not do Ghusl till sunset, her fast will undoubtedly be in order.
421. If a woman in little Istihaza finds out before starting the prayers that her bleeding has become excessive or medium, she should perform the rules prescribed for medium or excessive Istihaza as mentioned above. And if the medium Istihaza becomes excessive she should follow the rules prescribed for excessive Istihaza. And in case she has done Ghusl for medium Istihaza it would not suffice, and she should do Ghusl again for excessive Istihaza.
422. If the medium Istihaza becomes excessive while she is already in Namaz, she should break the prayers and do Ghusl for excessive Istihaza, and also perform other relevant acts and repeat the same prayers. And if she does not have time for Ghusl, it is necessary that she should perform Tayammum instead of Ghusl. And if she finds that no time is left even for Tayammum, then she should, on the basis of precaution, not break the prayers and complete the same in that very condition. It will be necessary for her to offer Qadha later. Similar rules will apply if during the Namaz her little Istihaza becomes medium or excessive, she will have to discontinue her Namaz and follow the rules of medium or excessive Istihaza, whichever be applicable, she must also perform Wudhu.
423. If the blood stops during Namaz and the Mustahaza woman does not know whether or not it has also stopped internally, she must perform Wudhu and Ghusl again and pray again.
424. If the excessive Istihaza reduces to medium Istihaza, the Mustahaza should perform the rules prescribed for excessive Istihaza for the first prayers and then medium Istihaza for the later prayers. For example, if excessive Istihaza becomes medium before Zuhr prayers, she should perform Wudhu and do Ghusl for Zuhr prayers; and for the Asr, Maghrib, and Isha prayers she should perform only Wudhu. However, if she does not do Ghusl for Zuhr prayers and has time for Asr prayers only she should do Ghusl for Asr prayers. And if she does not do Ghusl for even Asr prayers, she should do Ghusl for Maghrib prayers. And if she does not do Ghusl for that prayers as well and has just enough time for Isha prayers only, she should do Ghusl for Isha prayers.
425. If the excessive Istihaza stops before every Namaz and starts coming again, she should do Ghusl before each Namaz.
426. If the excessive Istihaza reduces to little, the Mustahaza should follow for the first prayers the rules prescribed for excessive Istihaza; and for the later prayers the rules prescribed for little Istihaza. Similarly, if the medium Istihaza becomes little, she should follow rules prescribed for medium Istihaza for the first prayers and those prescribed for little Istihaza for the later prayers.
427. If a Mustahaza woman neglects any one of the obligatory rules, even changing cotton, her Namaz will be void.
428. If a woman who is in little or medium Istihaza wishes to engage in an act which requires Wudhu as a prerequisite, like touching the script of the Quran etc., she should make the Wudhu for the purpose, as an obligatory precaution. The Wudhu made specifically for Namaz would not be sufficient, if she wishes to touch after the Namaz is over.
429. A Mustahaza who has done her obligatory Ghusls can go into Masjid al-Haraam and Masjid al-Nabi and stop in any Masjid, pause for some time in it, and recite the verses of the Quran which contain obligatory Sajdah. It is also lawful for her husband to have intercourse with her, through, as a recommendatory precaution, she must perform all the acts which are required before the prayers.
430. If a woman who is in the state of excessive or medium Istihaza wishes to touch Quran, she must perform Ghusl and Wudhu.
431. Salatul Ayat (due to solar or lunar eclipse etc.) is obligatory for a Mustahaza woman and she should follow all the rules which have been explained in relation with the daily prayers.
432. When Namaz-e-Ayat becomes obligatory for a Mustahaza woman at the time of daily prayers and she wishes to offer these two prayers one after the other she cannot, as per obligatory precaution, offer both of them with one Wudhu and one Ghusl.
433. If a Mustahaza woman wishes to offer Qadha prayers, she should follow the same rules as are applicable to the prayers offered within time.
434. If a woman knows that the blood coming out of her body is not of a wound and cannot decide on it being the blood of Hayz or Nifas because of the absence of the properties defined by the Shariah, she should act according to the rules in respect of Istihaza. And if she doubts whether it is Istihaza or some other blood and it does not possess other signs she should, on the basis of obligatory precaution, follow the rules of Istihaza.