Those who are entitled to receive Zakat.
2008. It is necessary that the person to whom Zakat is paid is a Shia Ithnaashari. If, therefore, one pays Zakat to a person under the impression that he is a Shia, and it transpires later that he is not a Shia, one should pay Zakat again.
2009. If a child or an insane Shia person is poor, a person can give Zakat to his guardian with the intention that whatever he is giving will belong to the child or to the insane person.
2010. If a person has no access to the guardian of the child or of the insane person, he can utilize Zakat for the benefit of the child or of the insane person himself, or through an honest person. And he will do the Niyyat of Zakat, when the money has reached for the purpose.
2011. Zakat can be given to a poor man who begs, but cannot be given to a person who spends it for sinful purpose.
2012. As an obligatory precaution, Zakat cannot be given to a drunkard, or one who commits major sins openly.
2013. The debt of a person who cannot repay his debt can be paid from Zakat even if his maintenance is obligatory on the one giving Zakat. But if wife or some other person who is dependent on a person borrows for his/her spending, it is not possible to pay debt out of Zakat.
2014. A person cannot pay from Zakat the expenses of his dependents, like wife, children and grand children and parents or grand parents. But, if he himself fails to maintain them, others may give them from Zakat.
2015. There is no harm if a person gives Zakat to his deserving son for spending on his wife, servant and maid servant.
2016. Father cannot pay for the religious or secular books required by his son for education, from Zakat money.
2017. If a father is not financially capable of getting his son married, he can get him married by spending Zakat and the son can similarly do so for his father.
2018. Zakat cannot be given to a wife whose husband provides for her subsistence, nor to one whose husband does not provide for her subsistence, if it is possible for her to compel him to provide.
2019. If a woman who has contracted temporary marriage is poor, her husband and others can give her Zakat. But if the contract a condition that the husband would maintain her for her expenses, or if it is obligatory on the husband for some other reason to maintain her, and he fulfils the obligation, Zakat cannot be given to her.
2020. A wife can give Zakat to her husband who may be poor even if the husband may in turn spend that Zakat for her, being his wife, or children.
2021. A Sayyid can take Zakat from another Sayyid but not from a non-Sayyid and if Khums and other earnings are not sufficient for meeting his/her expenses and he/she has no way but taking Zakat, he/she may take it from a non-Sayyid. Bust as an obligatory precaution he/she must take only what is needed for daily expenses.
2022. Zakat can be given to a person about whom one is not sure whether he is a Sayyid or not.