2. Recommended Dua's during Wudhu
3. Condtions of Wudhu
4. Rules of Wudhu
5. What invalidates Whudu
6. Rules of Jabireh
238. In Wudhu, it is obligatory to wash the face and hands, and to wipe the front portion of the head and the upper part of two feet.
239. The length of the face should be washed from the upper part of the forehead, where hair grow, up to the farthest end of the chin, and its breadth should be washed to the part covered between the thumb and the middle finger. If even a small part of this area is left out, Wudhu will be void. Thus, in order to ensure that the prescribed part has been fully washed, one should also wash a bit of the adjacent parts.
240. If the hands or the face of a person are larger or smaller than normal, he should observe how people normally wash their faces, and follow accordingly. Ad if his hands and face are both unusual but somehow in an order compared to each other, it is not necessary to observe the method normally used by people; but he should follow the process mentioned in previous point for the purpose of Wudhu, and if air is grown in his forehead or he does not have hair in the front port of his head, he should wash the forehead in the normal way.
241. If a person suspects that there is dirt or something else in the eyebrows, and corners of his eyes, and on his lips, which does not permit water to reach them, and if that suspicion is reasonable, he should examine it before performing Wudhu, and remove any such thing if it is there.
242. If the skin of the face is visible from under the hair, one should make the water reach the skin, but if it is not visible, it is sufficient to wash the hair, and it is not necessary to make the water reach beneath the hair.
243. If a person doubts whether his skin is visible from under the hair of the face or not, he should, as an obligatory precaution, wash his hair, and also make the water reach the skin.
244. While performing Wudhu, it is not obligatory that one should wash the inner parts of the nose, nor of the lips and eyes which cannot be seen when they close. However, in order to ensure that all parts have been washed, it is obligatory that some portion of these parts are also included.
245. The face should washed from above downwards, as an obligatory precaution and if one washes from down upwards the Wudhu is void; the hands should be washed form elbow to the tips of fingers.
246. If a person makes his hand wet, and passes it over his face and hands, and if the moisture in the hand is enough to cover both thoroughly, it will be sufficient that water flows on the face or the hands only a little.
247. After washing the face, one should first wash the right hand and then the left hand, form the elbows to the tips of the fingers.
248. In order to ensure that each elbow has been washed thoroughly, one should include some portion above the elbow in washing.
249. If before washing his face, a person has washed his hands up to the wrist, he should, while performing Wudhu, wash them up to the tips of the fingers; and if he washes them only up to the wrist, his Wudhu is void.
250. While performing Wudhu, it is obligatory to wash the face and the hands once, and it is recommended to wash them twice. Washing them three or more times is Haraam. If they are all washed with one handful of water and water flows for the purpose of Wudhu, it all is considered once, whether one intends to consider it once or not.
251. After washing both hands, one performing Wudhu should wipe the front part of his head with the wetness, which is in his hand. It is not necessary to use right hand or do it from above downwards.
252. The part on which wiping should be performed, is one-fourth frontal part of the head. It is sufficient to wipe as much at any place in this part of the head, although the recommended precaution is that the length should be equal to one finger, and its breath should be equal to three joined fingers.
253. It is not necessary that the wiping of the head should be performed on its skin. It is also in order if a man wipes the hair on the front of his head. However, if the hairs are so long that when combed they fall on his face, or on other parts of his head, he should wipe his hand on the roots of his hair, or part the hair and wipe the skin. If a person collects his hair on the front side of his head, or on other parts of his head and wipes them, or if he wipes the hair of other places, such a wiping would be void.
254. After wiping the head, one should wipe with the moisture present in ones hands, ones feet from any toe of the foot up to the joint.
255. Wiping of the feet can have any breadth, and it is still better that the wiping of the entire foot is done with the entire hands palm, as a recommended precaution.
256. As an obligatory precaution, at the time of wiping the foot, one should place ones hand on the toes and then draw it to the joint, or that one should place the hand on the joint and draw it to the toes. One should not simply place the whole hand on the foot, and pull it a little.
257. While wiping ones head and feet, it is necessary to move ones hand on them, and if the feet and head are moved leaving the hand stationary, Wudhu would be void. However, there is no harm if the head and feet move slightly, while the hand is being moved for wiping.
258. The parts of wiping should be dry, and if they are so wet that the wetness of the palm of the hand has no effect on them, the wiping will be void. However, there is no harm if the wetness on those part is so insignificant that the moisture of the palm overcomes it.
259. If wetness disappears in the palm, it cannot be made wet with fresh water. In that situation, the person performing Wudhu should obtain moisture from other parts.
260. If the wetness of palm is just enough for wiping the head, then one should wipe the head first, and for the wiping of feet, of wetness should be obtained from other parts.
261. Wiping performed on socks or shoes is void. But if one is unable to remove his socks or shoes because of sever cold, or fear of life, or a robber, he will wipe on the socks or shoes. And if the shoes are Najis, then something Pak should be placed over it, before wiping.
262. If the upper part of his feet is Najis, and it cannot also be washed for wiping, one should perform Tayammum.